Lifting & Transferring Training
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Lifting & Transferring
Caring for people who are not very mobile tends to involve a great deal of lifting. You may need to assist them from the bed to the chair or the wheelchair and back to bed, and at times, you may need to help a person who has fallen onto the floor.
Improper lifting could injure your back and jeopardize your future ability to work. Do you know correct techniques for lifting and transferring that might keep you from injuring yourself or the person you are assisting?
Ergonomics! What’s that?
Ergonomics is the science of fitting workplace conditions and job demands to the capabilities of workers. It is the science of fitting the job to the worker. When the physical requirements of the job and the physical capacity of the worker do not match, then work-related injuries can result. Stress on the musculoskeletal system causes the majority of job injuries. Some of these muscular injuries have been linked to work habits that result in temporary or permanent disability.
using equipment that will take the strain out of lifting and transferring organizing work in new ways, such as storing items that are used daily on
easy-to-reach shelves rather than near the floor or above the shoulders
changing how tasks are done
Ergonomics can prevent injuries by helping us understand which tasks and body movements can hurt us and by finding new ways to do these tasks.
Keeping your back strong, stretched, and healthy is good. Good posture and mobility, proper lifting skills, and exercises are very important, but they are not enough to prevent injuries. Too much lifting and lifting in awkward ways can lead to injuries. Teamwork is important so you do not lift and transfer by yourself and do not get in awkward positions to do your tasks. Proper lifting devices help prevent injuries.
What does posture have to do with work-related injuries?
Good posture means more than just sitting up straight, particularly when speaking of protecting workers from work-related musculoskeletal disorders. How does good posture affect the musculoskeletal system? Good posture ensures that muscles will receive a good blood supply, thereby allowing the muscles to eliminate waste, receive nourishment, and repair damage caused by stress. Good posture helps the body work more effectively and efficiently.
Because the body is designed to be in motion, standing or sitting in the same position for an extended period puts strain on the musculoskeletal system as tendons are pulled and joints compressed. This leads to a reduction of the blood supply to these areas, causing inflammation and pain.
Bad postures increase the risk of injury:
• Do not slouch.
• Do not push the head forward beyond the plane of the shoulders.
• Do not stand in an awkward position that unevenly distributed your weight.
• Do not hold the head in an awkward or twisted position.
Good postures decrease the risk of injury: • Sit or stand tall. • Keep the ears over the shoulders. • Keep the shoulders over the hips. • Hold the head straight, not tilted. • Position the head over the neck. • Keep your abdomen and buttocks tucked in.
Proper way to sit:
• Always sit all the way back on a chair.
Your lower back can be supported with a pillow.
• Try to keep your knees at the same height as your hips. If necessary, elevate your knees by putting your feet on the rungs of a chair or stool, or support your feet on a phone book.
• You may need to raise the height of the seat in order to keep your knees at the same height as your hips. If possible, adjust the height of the chair, or sit on a phone book if necessary.
Proper way to stand:
• Spread your feet at shoulder width and put equal weight on each foot.
• Put one foot up on something stable, such as the rung of a chair or stool.
Proper way to sleep
Never sleep on your stomach.
Sleep on your side with the knees slightly bent and one pillow between the knees.
When sleeping on your side, pull your pillow down toward the shoulder to support the neck. • When sleeping on your back, place two pillows under the knees to reduce stress to the middle and lower back and the neck. • When on your back, support the neck with a pillow under the back of the head and neck.
Poor posture can create problems by destroying the balance of the spine’s natural curves. Strain on muscles adds stress to the spine that may harm the discs. Poor body mechanics upset the balance of the natural curves of the spine. Good body mechanics keep your spine balanced during movement. Why exercise?
Exercise relieves stress through activity. Stretching and strengthening exercises combine to balance the strength and tone of the muscles and ligaments. The muscles and ligaments are the supporting structure of the spine, so fitness benefits spinal health.